Wheat is one of the most important and one of the largest cultivated cereal crops in the world, and counts as a staple food grain for a majority of countries. It is also one of the most traded agri-commodities. In India, it holds a revered position in agriculture, and with annual yields increasing to almost 96 million metric tonnes (MT) in 2013-14 (July-June), India is also one of the largest producers of wheat in the world, and had accounted for approximately 14% share in the total world wheat production in 2013-14. The largest wheat producing states are Uttar Pradesh, Punjab, Haryana, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Bihar and Gujarat. Wheat is a rabi crop, and is mainly harvested from March onwards. However, due to its susceptibility to the vagaries of weather, the wheat crop in India faces a unique problem of cyclical periods of huge surplus crop sizes followed by drastic falls in production, and thus, India assumes the role of a net exporter alternated by imports.
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